Building a recording studio starts with a dream and ends with the ability to capture and recreate sound. Along the way there are many considerations, such as: business planning, marketing, studio design, sound control, production, engineering, and equipment.
First and foremost, when building this type of facility, it is important to understand the basics of human hearing and the Science of Acoustics. Simply put, the recording studio is in the business of capturing and storing sound so that it can be recreated at a later date. How sound waves react with walls and with other design elements within the room must be considered when designing an acoustic space.
You’ve heard the old saying, “If you fail to plan, you plan to fail!” Building a Recording Studio Business, requires lots of planing. From writing a business plan, developing a brand, applying for a business license, establishing an accounting system, acquiring the necessary insurances, and implementing a marketing plan, it all takes planning.
Studio Soundproofing and Sound Control is critical! Construction Soundproofing is primarily accomplished during the construction phase. Sound control is accomplished through the addition of acoustic treatments, such as acoustic absorbers and acoustic sound diffuser.
Besides the design of the building, another huge consideration is what types of equipment are needed for the recording studio. There is a major debate going with regard to analog versus digital.
Digital is consistent and reliable, takes up less room and is inexpensive. However if you want the warm, live sound of real music, you need to bring analog back into the mix.
Professional analog tape recorders are much more expensive then their digital counterparts and are considered a specialty tool. When the analog tape recorder is properly aligned, it produces a warm sound that cannot be reproduced on a digital recorder. And there are hundreds of other pieces of supporting equipment to consider; equalizers, filters, delay, reverb, amplifiers, and that big piece of equipment called the sound board.
The microphone is often the first device considered before a session. There are a large number or microphone types and certain types are best suited for specific range of applications. The miking of vocals and instruments is definitely an art form and there are really no rules, only guidelines.
And then there are speakers; main monitors, nearfield monitors, and headphones. During the design process of building a recording studio, much time and consideration is involved in where to place the speakers and how to incorporate them into the design for maximum effect and performance.
All of these design considerations as well as the many types of equipment have to be scrutinized, studied, researched, and finally come together in this process of building a recording studio.